Driver safety enforcement impacts both drivers and carriers. Research, such as the Large Truck Crash Causation Study, has shown that unsafe driver behavior is a major contributor to commercial motor vehicle (CMV)-related crashes. Other studies indicate that a small segment of the driver population is involved in a disproportionately large number of crashes. As a result, under Compliance, Safety, Accountability (CSA), the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) expands its approach by identifying and addressing drivers with poor safety performance histories during interventions with motor carriers.
How Does the CSA Driver Enforcement Process Work?
The driver enforcement process provides FMCSA with the tools to identify problem drivers and to verify and address the issues. The Safety Measurement System (SMS) includes a tool, called the Driver SMS, which enables Safety Investigators (SIs) to evaluate roadside performance of drivers across employers over a three-year period. Using this system, SIs can identify drivers with overall poor safety histories who work for carriers that have been identified as requiring a CSA investigation. If the investigation results verify the driver violation(s), FMCSA takes an enforcement action against that driver, such as a Notice of Violation or a Notice of Claim.
CSA Driver Safety Enforcement Approach
– Driving while disqualified
– Driving without a valid Commercial Driver's License – Making a false entry on a medical certificate
– Committing numerous Hours-of-Service violations
Making Carriers Aware of Driver Safety Performance
The Pre-Employment Screening Program is an FMCSA program
mandated by Congress that is designed to assist the motor carrier
industry in assessing individual CMV drivers’ safety violation and crash
history as a pre-employment condition. The program is voluntary and is
not part of CSA. Motor carriers may request a driver’s information for
the purpose of pre-employment screening only. The driver must provide
written consent. Individual drivers may request their own driver
information record at any time. The electronic profiles contain three
years of inspection data and five years of crash data. However, the
database does not include conviction data. There is a fee for this
service for both drivers and carriers.